Glossary > Green Ingredient Glossary

When looking at ingredients in any of the products that you offer your pets, if you find an ingredient that we do not capture here, please send it to us using the form below, and our Staff Veterinarian would be more than happy to send you some information.

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Achyranthes Root   

Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to promote blood circulation, dredges channels, supports joints, tendons, bones, muscles, and is used for pain.


A homeopathic remedy used for injury, trauma, pain, shock, fear, stomach issues, and fever.

Alpha Lipoic Acid   

Supports long term brain health.

Amino acids   

The building blocks of proteins. The body links amino acids together in specific ways to build proteins.

Angelica Tang Kuei   

A Chinese herb that tonifies and invigorates the blood.

Anise Seed   

Useful for treating dry cough.


A homeopathic remedy. Arnica has been used for centuries for trauma, inflammation, general pain relief, and bruising.


A homeopathic remedy used to help in GU upset, nausea, and diarrhea.


An ancient Indian medicine that has been used for centuries to help alleviate fatigue and to promote overall health. It is also an anti-inflammatory and supports immunity.

Atractylodes Rhizome   

Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to balance the spleen, balance Qi (pronounced chi), and balances the gastrointestinal tract.


Calms and helps to maintain sleep, is an antioxidant, and offers immune boosting properties.


Helps with urinary disturbances or bladder infections, joint/lower back pain.


Found in abundance in yellow, orange, and green vegetables. It aids in the growth of skin tissue, four of our five senses, fertility, and resistance to chemical carcinogens. Beta-Carotene is an antioxidant.

Bilberry Fruit   

An herb that is recommended for visual disturbances or poor vision. Helps with retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. Provides powerful antioxidants that provide support for whole body health. Very effective in the prevention of eye damage due to free radical damage and promotes blood supply to the eyes.

Biota Seed   

Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for anxiety, promoting a healthy sleep cycle, and supports healthy digestion and nourishing the heart and kidneys.

Black Cohosh   

An herb that has anti-inflammatory properties and pain-relieving results.

Black Cumin   

An herb that promotes digestion and helps to fight parasitic infections.

Black Walnut Hull   

Has strong antifungal properties and has been used against Candida (yeast) pinworms, ringworms, and tapeworms.

Bladder wrack (Fucus vesiculosus)   

Is a seaweed, also known by the common names black tang, rockweed, bladder Fucus, sea oak, black tany, cut weed, dyers fucus, red fucus, and rock wrack. In herbal medicine it is used as a source of iodine, an essential nutrient for the thyroid gland. Bladder wrack has proved most useful in the treatment of […]


A powerful antioxidant


An effective anti-inflammatory and can be an effective pain killer and may prevent the loss of cartilage.


A homeopathic remedy that works well joint injuries and arthritis which is worse with joint motion.

Bupleurum Root   

Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for liver disorders and liver support.

Burdock/ Burdock Root   

A protective antioxidant that defends and strengthens the liver. Burdock also provides an excellent source of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), acting as a prebiotic to support healthy gut flora. It is a blood purifier and cleanser that also has a positive effect on skin and coat health.


Contains large amounts of flavonoids and antioxidants. Calendula is used to fight inflammation, viruses, and bacteria. Also used to treat upset stomach, ulcers, as well as topically to encourage wound healing.


A homeopathic remedy that helps to relieve symptoms of Urinary Tract Infections. Also helps to treat skin conditions such as scalds and burns.


Is an amino acid derivative required for the transport of fatty acids in metabolism.


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to dispel blood stasis (slowing or pooling of the blood), helps with discomfort, and invigorates blood.

Cascara Sagrada   

Made from the bark of a shrub it is used to gently stimulate muscle contraction to encourage bowel movement.

CBD Oil   

Contains full spectrum hemp extract which boosts the effectiveness of the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is a biochemical communication system in the body. It regulates sleep, appetite, digestion, mood, motor control, immune function, reproduction and fertility, pleasure, memory, temperature regulation, and pain. Studies have indicated that CBD has painkilling, anti-inflammatory effects, supports a healthy […]

Cellulose- Yellow   

Used in supplements as an anti-caking agent or as an emulsifier. There is very little of this ingredient in supplements and so it is considered safe.

Chaga Mushrooms   

packed with antioxidants to prevent the cells in the body therefore they are a good food to consider giving to pets that have had a cancer diagnosis or for cancer prevention. Chaga Mushrooms support (not boost) the immune system and contain anti-cancer properties. Consider rotation between Chaga Mushrooms and Turkey Tail Mushrooms for maximum health […]


A flower that helps with mild anxiety, stress, and insomnia and is a natural muscle relaxant.


A water soluble vitamin that aids in nervous system function, bone development and building and maintaining cell structure. Deficiencies may appear as poor growth and deposits of fat in and around the liver.

Choline Chloride   

A source of the nutrient choline. Choline is necessary for several important functions including energy metabolism and proper nerve function.

Chondroitin Sulfate   

Part of a large protein molecule which gives cartilage its elasticity. It is naturally extracted from the cartilage of chickens. It is believed to be helpful in maintaining and rebuilding cartilage in the animal.

Coconut Oil   

A powerful antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-fungal and supports immune digestion, joint health, and overall health. Contains MCTs (Medium Chain Triglycerides) to help the body maximize the use of essential fatty acids and improve brain function, so can literally help an old dog learn new tricks.

Coenzyme Q10   

An antioxidant and works to generate energy in the cells. It is very successful in helping pets with mild cardiac disease.


A protein that supports strong bones as the pet ages. Collagen also supports skin, coat, nails, heathy digestion, arthritis, and joint mobility. Natural collagen in the body depletes with age and by offering collagen supplements or collagen chews or treats can help to replenish natural collagen levels in the body.

Colloidal Silver   

Can be used to treat and prevent fungal, bacterial, and viral infections. Used for skin infections and to help skin injuries/cuts heal faster. Helps with ear infections, known to boost the immune system, support the gut, and helps eye infections

Copaiba Oil   

Is a tree sap extracted from the copaiba tree in Brazil. Copaiba has recently come into its own as it is active with the endocannabinoid system like CBD is, and it is known to be one of the highest anti-inflammatory substances on the planet and studies have shown it to be a neuro-protectant. The Brazilian […]


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine as an anti-allergic, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antihistamine, and antimalarial properties. Cornus is also used to balance the liver and kidneys.


An herb used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to relieve pain, improving blood flow, moving energy throughout the body, and treating stomach ulcers.

Couch Grass   

A gentle diuretic that is very useful to help the body kidney stones pass from the body. It helps with the intense burning sensation.


Known to prevent the development of urinary tract infections by preventing certain bacteria from sticking to the urinary tract walls.


Is the principal curcuminoid of the Indian curry spice turmeric. Curcumin is known for its anti-tumor, antioxidant, anti-arthritic, anti-amyloid, and anti-inflammatory properties. Curcumin acts as a free radical scavenger and antioxidant.

d-Alpha Tocopherol   

This is also known as vitamin E, and it functions as an antioxidant. This form of vitamin E is used as a nutritional supplement. Dogs are more tolerant to excess vitamin E than other fat-soluble vitamins and toxicity cases have never been reported.


In combination with turmeric and fenugreek reduces the risk of diabetes and helps to control excess weight. A bitter herb it is an excellent tonic and detoxifying agent to help cleanse the liver and blood. Also has anti-inflammatory properties and helps to stop bleeding in the urinary tract.

D-Calcium Pantothenate (vitamin B5)   

Plays a still-undefined role in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Clinically, pantothenic acid is necessary for the synthesis of red blood cells, steroid metabolism, neuron activity, and stimulation of antibody production. Common sources of pantothenic acid are cheese, corn, eggs, liver, meats, peanuts, peas soybeans, brewer’s yeast, and wheat germ.

Devil’s Claw Root   

Helps with arthritis and works to reduce pain and inflammation in the joints.


The growing puppie’s brain needs DHA, derived from Omega 6 and Omega 3 fatty acids. Many brands will focus only on Omega 3 fatty acids, but a puppy’s developing brain requires Omega 6 fatty acids as well as Omega 3. Sources of DHA include chicken fat, anchovy and sardine meals, flaxseed, menhaden fish oil, hemp […]


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to promote urination and drains damp heat from the bladder.

Diatomaceous Earth (Food grade)   

Contains microscopic particles that pierce the protective coating of parasites in the digestive tract, this dehydrates them and then kills them. Studies have shown that diatomaceous earth is very useful in targeting larvae and eggs of parasites.


A Chinese yam and is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine used to tonify the kidneys and spleen, stomach, and lungs.


An amino acid; sometimes used as an additive to cat foods to prevent crystals in the urinary tract. Some studies have suggested that prolonged use may lead to red blood cell deformation and anemia.


Binds to the bad bacteria in the bladder to carry it out of the body via urine.

Dried Enterococcus Faecium Fermentation Product   

Digestive enzyme.

Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product   

Digestive enzyme.


An herb that that works to kill bacteria like an antibiotic. It is also a powerful immune booster to help the body to defend itself.

Eucommia Bark   

Used in t Traditional Chinese Medicine to build a strong skeletal system and strong, flexible joints. As well as balance the liver and kidneys.


A homeopathic remedy used to treat eye infections.

Evening Primrose Oil   

Often used as a skin and coat supplement. It contains GLA (gamma-linolenic acid) that helps to inhibit the body’s production of chemicals that cause inflammation

Fennel Seed   

Mostly used as a cleanser as it helps to relax and soothe the lining of the intestinal tract. It also helps to control and ease gas that build up from deworming.


Used to help anemia, diabetes, and weight loss. It also has anti-inflammatory properties that improve digestion and aid in diabetes and other disorders


These are natural compounds found naturally in many fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids are rich in antioxidants.


A food that contains lignans. Lignans are antioxidants that support the immune system. Flaxseed also helps with inflammation and supports skin and coat, joints, kidneys, adrenal gland, and digestion.

Folic acid   

Another B-vitamin that is added to most pet foods. It helps form red blood cells and break down amino acids.


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to move blood and Qi and relieves pain, reduces swelling, and helps to heal wounds.

Free Radicals   

Unstable atoms in the body and are linked to aging and disease

Fructooligosaccharides (FOS)   

A class of oligosaccharides (carbohydrates). The term oligosaccharide refers to a short chain of sugar molecules (in the case of FOS, fructose molecules). Oligo means few, and saccharide means sugar. FOS provides food for microflora in the large intestine, increasing the overall gastrointestinal tract health. It has also been touted as a supplement for preventing […]


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to reduce inflammation due to urinary tract infections.

Gentian Root   

Used to encourage appetite and digestion by encouraging the production of digestive juices.


An antioxidant that helps in gas evacuation produced by gastrointestinal fermentation. Also used as an expectorant, anti-emetic (helps to control nausea and vomiting), prevention of coronary artery disease. Ginger is a natural enzyme action on protein digestion, probiotic support of the natural gut flora, anti-diarrhea properties, liver protection, and it can also be used as […]

Ginkgo Biloba   

An antioxidant rich herb that is most often used to support and protect long-term cognitive health.

Glucosamine Hydrochloride   

Glucosamine is an amino sugar that plays a role in cartilage formation and repair. It is generally extracted from shellfish (shrimp and crabs) and is believed to be useful in helping repair and rebuild cartilage.

Gotu Kola   

Helps to increase blood vessel and collagen growth. Also, provides antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Gotu Kola is also used to help calm stressed animals.

Green Tea   

Contains powerful antioxidants and has been linked to a reduced risk of cancer.

Green-Lipped Muscle (New Zealand)   

Green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus) is a New Zealand shellfish. The extract from green lipped mussel is reported to be useful in the treatment of hip and joint problems in dogs. They contain high levels of glycosaminoglycan (GAGs) which assist in the repair of damaged joint tissues.

Hemp Seed Oil   

Promotes heart health, and cardiovascular function, and helps to prevent degenerative diseases. Contain 3:1 ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 fatty acids. Contains DHA to improve brain health and provides excellent support for skin and coat. Hemp seed oil provides antifungal, antiviral, and antibacterial properties.

Honey-Fried Licorice Root   

Has many functions in Chinese medicine such as strengthening the Qi of the spleen and heart, moistening the lung, clearing heat toxins, calming muscle spasms, and moderating the effects of other herbs.


An expectorant and encourages mucous to drain from the body. It also dilates nasal passageways and is a bronchial dilator. This allows more oxygen to be absorbed into the lungs.


Is a fern plant that has been used as an herbal remedy since the times of the Greek and Roman empires. Horsetail is an antioxidant and contains silica which provides benefits to skin, hair, and bones. Horsetail supports bone heath, is a natural diuretic, promotes wound healing, and provides anti-inflammatory benefits.

Hyaluronic Acid   

A naturally occurring component found in the body. It addresses stiffness and joint pain and contributes to proper joint lubrication as it is a part of synovial fluid and cartilage.


Used to dissolve bladder and kidney stones. Hydrangea is also used for bladder infections.


Often called the cell protecting vitamin, and for good reason. This vital element is vital to the health of the cells, and high concentrations of insositol are found in the tissues of the heart and in the lens of the eye.


Stimulates the growth of DFM’s (Direct Fed Microbials). It also aids in the reduction of gas, which is important to the health of large-breed dogs.

Irish Moss   

A species of red algae that is useful for strengthening the respiratory system by boosting the immune system. It soothes coughing and other lung conditions.

Jujube Seed   

Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to calm the mind and to relieve mental tension


A type of seaweed that contains about 25% protein and 2% fat along with minerals and amino acids. Kelp helps to improve energy levels and to strengthen the immune system.

Krill Oil   

Made from krill. It contains Omega 3, a substance reported to aid in lowering both cholesterol and blood pressure when used as a dietary supplement.

Larch Arabinogalactian   

A prebiotic fiber that supports the growth of friendly bacteria in the gut. It helps to restore imbalance in gut microbiome and has powerful properties that support immune health.


Related to energy metabolism. As a natural component of the heart, it creates 70-80% of the energy the heart needs to function. It is estimated that 50-90% of dogs with cardiomyopathy may have an L-Carnitine deficiency. L-Carnitine also helps promote a healthier body weight and lean muscle mass.

Lemon Balm   

An herb that comes from the same family as mint. It works to strengthen the brain and its ability to protect from stress and shock. Lemon Balm works really well for digestive upset that is caused by stress or anxiety.


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to strengthen the Qi of the spleen and heart, moistens the lung, clears heat toxins, calms muscular spasms, and moderates the effects of other herbs


An amino acid known to encourage the release of serotonin and melatonin in the brain.


Works to thin out mucous to help expel it from the lungs. Also provides anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

Magnesium stearate -Yellow   

Used in supplements as an anticaking ingredient.


Used as a thickener in supplements and is a white powder made from corn, rice, potato starch, or wheat. Even though it comes from plants, it’s highly processed. To make it, first the starches are cooked, and then acids/enzymes such as heat-stable bacterial alpha-amylase are added to break it down further. The resulting white powder […]

Mannon Oligosaccharide (MOS)   

A yeast derived natural sugar complex. It is also used to control pathogenic scours of all kinds in livestock plagued by Salmonella and E Coli. It is also a natural growth promoter for livestock and poultry.

Marigold Extract   

A rich source of lutein and provides a significant antioxidant effect. Marigold contains high concentrations of water/ alcohol soluble flavonoids (plant pigments with antioxidant properties) and fat-soluble carotenoids. Marigold also has a hypoglycemic effect by reducing blood sugar variances, helping to slow gastric emptying time and enhance digestion.

Marshmallow Root   

A source of soluble fiber that soothes and nourishes the digestive tract, optimizes nutrient absorption, and reduces insulin levels, especially in dogs. Marshmallow is also an anti-inflammatory, coating gastrointestinal tract and soothing the respiratory tract to reduce coughing while promoting oral health.


An herb that regulates digestive acid levels therefore protecting the lining of the gut. Provides relief from indigestion and excessive gas.


An essential amino acid for both dogs and cats. Some protein sources (most notably soybean meal, meat and bone meal and poultry meal) do not provide enough methionine. Therefore, it is often added to the food to ensure the animal receives enough.

Milk Thistle   

Also known as Silymarin, is an herb that comes from the sunflower family. Its purple flowers produce black seeds that are harvested for medicinal purposes. It is a potent antioxidant, much more so than Vitamin E and C. Its major benefit is that it has been shown to protect and enhance the function of the […]


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to disperse heat/inflammation. Often used with Bupleurum to balance the liver.


Is a natural occurring organic form of dietary sulfur. Sulfur is the fourth most abundant mineral found in the human body. The body uses sulfur in many processes, including collagen synthesis, cell oxygenation, carbohydrate metabolism and the maintenance of balance between acidity and alkalinity. These processes consume sulfur, which must be replenished. MSM is found […]


An expectorant which helps the body to remove excess mucous from the body. Excellent for coughs, colds, and asthma.

Multi Strain Probiotic Blends   

Provides beneficial bacteria to support overall health and longevity and to keep bad bacteria at bay.


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine as an antibacterial and is used to reduce inflammation, supports healing, and addresses discomfort.

N-Acetyl Glucosamine   

Targets inflammation response in smooth muscle of bladder wall and lining.

Nettle Leaf   

Used an anti-inflammatory, diuretic, and supports the kidneys

Niacin and Panthothenic acid   

Water soluble vitamins that are required to maintain the integrity of the hair, skin, and nervous system. A deficiency may exhibit as loss of appetite, dermatitis and alternating diarrhea and constipation. While the B vitamin niacin is present at high levels in most grains, unless properly treated, most of the niacin in these ingredients is […]

Noni (a fruit native to Southeast Asia and Australia)   

Improves joint health, increases physical endurance, and supports bone health.

Notoginseng Root   

Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to stop bleeding, relieve pain, and to reduce swelling.


Used in small dosages nutmeg can reduce flatulence, aid digestion, improve the appetite and treat diarrhea, vomiting and nausea. Nutmeg’s flavor and fragrance come from oil of myristica, containing myristicin, a poisonous narcotic. Myristicin can cause hallucinations, vomiting and epileptic symptoms. These effects will not be induced, however, even with very generous culinary usage. A […]

Nux Vomica   

A homeopathic remedy used for constipation and restores the digestive system after digestive upset.

Omega fatty acids   

The basis for skin and coat diets are the omega fatty acids. Only lenoleic and arachadonic fatty acids are recognized as dietary essentials, both are omega 6’s. Omega 3 fatty acids are extremely beneficial in reducing the inflammation associated with skin conditions such as allergic dermatitis. Flax, canola, and the oils from these seeds, along […]


Known to prevent respiratory and digestive spasms. Oregano is high in antioxidant activity, due to a high content of phenolic acids and flavonoids. Additionally, oregano has demonstrated antimicrobial activity against food-borne pathogens. These characteristics may be useful in both health and food preservation.

Papaya Leaf   

This herb is a powerful digestive aid and is also useful in aiding to eradicate parasites from the body.


An antioxidant and contains two unusual components that provide unique health benefits. 1. Volatile oil components – including myristicin, limonene, eugenol, and alpha-thujene. 2. Are flavonoids-including apiin, apigenin, crisoeriol, and luteolin. Parsley’s volatile oils have been shown to inhibit tumor formation. Parsley also cleanses the palate and freshens breath.


Very similar to valerian in that it promotes a sense of calm.


A homeopathic remedy that is used to calm during thunderstorms, etc. Works well for diarrhea, nausea, and bleeding.


Phytoplankton has been nourishing sea life for billions of years. These tiny creatures live deep in the ocean and create over 90 percent of the world’s oxygen. Phytoplankton is a strong source of Omega-3 fatty acids, amino acids, DHA, EPA, carotenoids, antioxidants, nucleic acids, Vitamin A, Vitamin B, and an array of minerals including copper, […]

Plantago Seed   

Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to clear heat due to urinary tract infections, reduces inflammation, and to stop coughing.


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for liver and kidney conditions and to fortify muscles and bones.


Used in Chinese medicine to strengthen digestion and harmonizes the gastrointestinal tract


The fertilizer to feed probiotics to support friendly gut bacteria which is the whole body’s defense against disease- causing bacteria and to support overall body health and longevity. A few of the issues that can be helped by a daily pre and probiotic are yeast overgrowth, seasonal allergies, irritable bowel, and even tooth decay prevention, […]


Probiotic bacterial cultures are intended to assist the body’s naturally occurring flora within the digestive tract. They are sometimes recommended by doctors and more frequently by nutritionists after a course of antibiotics, or as part of the treatment for candidiasis. Many probiotics are present in natural sources such as lactobacillus in yogurt and sauerkraut. Probiotics […]

Psyllium fiber   

Psyllium stalks contain tiny seeds, also called psyllium. The seeds are covered by husks, which is the part of the plant used in foods. The seed husk contains glycosides and mucilage which are used in the food industry to form gels that give thickening and textural changes to foods. The psyllium husk is a source […]


Extremely helpful in conditions of diarrhea or constipation in dogs and cats.

Pumpkin Seed   

Used with diatomaceous earth it will add antiparasitic value by paralyzing worms which prevents them from holding on to the intestinal walls. This helps to excrete them through bowel movement.

Rehmannia Root   

An herb used in Chinese medicine that nourishes yin and blood.

Rus tox   

A homeopathic remedy that is used to treat arthritis, red swollen eyes, and skin infections.


Commonly known as rue, is used for soreness in the bones, tendons, joints, and cartilage.

Sangre de Drago (AKA Dragon’s Blood)   

Possibly the most potent antioxidant on the planet and has anti-inflammatory properties. Smart Oil’s Dragon’s Blood comes from the sap of Dragon trees of Peru. Dragon’s Blood has several compounds found within that are antioxidant phenols and various anti-inflammatory compounds. Dragon’s Blood helps to protect the skin, reduces redness and swelling. There are also compounds […]

Schisandra Fruit   

Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat liver conditions, stomach disorders, and as a tonic to improve vitality.

Sea Buckthorn   

This oil contains 106 bioactive elements. Of the14 fatty acids almost 90% are unsaturated and the two essential unsaturated fatty acids Omega 3 and Omega 6 are in a 1:1 ratio. A rare source of vitamin E, it also provides other vitamins including Vitamins A, C, D, K, etc., carotenoids, flavonoids, phytosterols, amino acids, serotonin […]

Sea Cucumber   

An ocean living invertebrate and is used because it serves as a rich source of the polysaccharide chondroitin sulfate, which is believed to be helpful in maintaining and rebuilding joint cartilage.


A homeopathic remedy that is helpful to remove foreign bodies such as thorns and seed from the skin. Also works for abscesses and sinusitis.

Silicon dioxide   

Used in supplements as an anticaking agent to avoid clumping.

Slippery Elm   

Helps to relieve digestive discomfort and provide mucilage to soothe the digestive tract. It grows widely throughout North America and is also known by the names Red Elm, Moose Elm, and Indian Elm. The plant contains mucilage, a long chain of sugars (polysaccharides) that make a slippery substance when combined with water. This mucilage is […]


High in antioxidants used for digestive disorders to improve digestion.


A blue algae. It is a simple, one-celled form of algae that thrives in warm, alkaline fresh-water bodies. The name “spirulina” is derived from the Latin word for “spiral”. Spirulina contains more than 60% protein and is also a concentrated source of several other nutrients including vitamin B-12, beta-carotene, and gamma linoleic acid.

Stearic acid   

Used in supplements to maintain quality and consistency.

Stinging Nettle   

A nutritive herb that provide extra nutritional punch. Stinging nettle has demonstrated anti-arthritic effects and an anti-inflammatory and replenishes nutrients and electrolytes in the body.


A homeopathic remedy for skin problems and skin allergies.


A homeopathic remedy used for injuries to bones, cartilage, tendons, and periosteum. It stimulates callus formation to help heal bones that have been fractured and other injuries to the bones and connective tissue.


A mineral used in Traditional Chinese Medicine as an antipyretic (to reduce fever) and diuretic agent.


A compound like amino acids. It is essential for the proper functioning of the eyes and heart. Processing decreases the availability of taurine. Taurine is essential for cat health, as a cat cannot synthesize the compound. The absence of taurine causes a cat’s retina to slowly degenerate, causing eye problems and (eventually) irreversible blindness. In […]

Thiamine (B1)   

A water soluble vitamin that is required by the nervous system. A deficiency may result in loss of appetite, weight loss, weakness, and convulsive seizures. Thiamine Mononitrate Thiamin Mononitrate/Thiamin Hydrochloride. These two compounds are both forms of thiamin and vitamin B1. The mononitrate form is typically more stable than the hydrochloride form. Thiamin is easily […]


Toning and anti-septic effects, especially at respiratory level. Thyme also has antibacterial activity which works against bacteria like E. coli and antifungal effects against candida (yeast).

Turkey Tail Mushrooms   

Packed with antioxidants to protect the cells in the body therefore they are a good food to consider giving to pets that have had a cancer diagnosis or for cancer prevention. Turkey Tail Mushrooms help to balance and support the immune system and it is a wonderful support for auto-immune conditions such as allergies, Cushing’s, […]


Protects the liver, increasing bile secretion and preventing gall bladder stones. This herb is an anti-arthritic (anti-inflammatory).

Uva Ursi   

Contains natural compounds called arbutin that is known to decrease inflammation.

Valerian Root   

Acts as a natural tranquilizer and has important calming effects on the nervous system. Will reduce anxiety and act as an anti-spasmodic and mild expectorant.

Vitamin A   

Helps to maintain vision and protect against infection. In proper amounts it is essential for healthy skin and hair coat. Vitamin A deficiency is sometimes seen in growing animals, but seldom seen in adults because they use stored Vitamin A slowly. Toxicity occurs when too much is taken over a long period of time or […]

Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid   

Are involved in many metabolic functions. They are essential for the formation of red blood cells and the function of the nervous system. Anemia is the most common sign of deficiency of either of these complex vitamins.

Vitamin C   

A water soluble vitamin that is important for the formation of collagen, the tissue that supports and binds various organs, blood vessels and nerves. It functions as an antioxidant and aids in bone calcification. Toxicity is rare as excess is excreted. Dogs and cats have no dietary requirement as it is produced by the body.

Vitamin E   

Also known as alpha tocopherol, is a biological antioxidant which helps prevent rancidity in fats and is responsible for normal reproduction.

Vitamin K   

Considered the anti-hemorrhagic vitamin because it is a factor in the blood clotting mechanism. A simple dietary deficiency of Vitamin K has not been described in the dog. However, if a dog consumes rodent poison containing an anti-coagulant, hemorrhaging may develop.

Water Hyssop   

Soothes mild to moderate irritation of the respiratory tract. Works as an expectorant. Helps with coughing, asthma, and bronchitis.

White Peony Root   

Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to calm the liver, helps to alleviate pain, and invigorates and harmonizes the blood.

White Willow Bark (salix alba)   

The source from which aspirin is extracted. It is often used as a natural substitute for aspirin in the treatment of musculoskeletal pain and inflammation, and in the prevention of blood clots.

Wild Carrot   

A plant that works to break down urinary gravel that can become stones or crystals in the bladder.

Witch Hazel   

Contains potent anti-inflammatory properties.


A bitter herb that help to expel worms from the body.


A source of beneficial digestive enzymes. Note: when feeding yogurt to pets, always use a plain variety that contains no sugar and has added beneficial bacterial cultures.

Yucca Schidigera   

Contains steroidal saponines (inner bark) which are “urease inhibitors”, thus reducing the activity of enzymes responsible for converting urea to ammonia. Ammonia is responsible for the obnoxious odors in dog and cat feces. Excellent for arthritis, arthrosis, gut, and kidney problems.

Zea Mays – Also known as “Cornsilk”   

An expensive botanical ingredient that should not be confused with the inexpensive grain filler. Cornsilk is a botanical remedy produced from stigmas, the yellowish thread-like strands found inside the female flower of the corn plant. Corn Silk contains no fraction of the corn grain. It is a valuable tonic for the urinary system of dogs […]


A trace mineral, is necessary for normal bone, muscle, and hair growth. Deficiencies exhibit as emaciation general debilitation and retarded growth. Occasionally hair quality and texture will be affected.

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